Gobustan ( 4 hours):
Museums ofpetroglyphs of Neolithic Age under the open sky (65 km from Baku city) Gobustan.
Gobustan – rocky area outspreading at thesoutheast of Big Caucuses ridge, allocated in 60 km from Baku is the territory, on which antique manhabituated. “Gobu” in azerbaijanian idiom means beam. Hereby it is emerged nameGobustan – edge of beams and ravines. The sea once came up to foots of thosenot high mountains, but from time to time it was stepped back being left itsspecific marks.
In mountains of Gobustan Beyukdash, Kichikdash,Djingirdag and Shighgaya there were concentrated witnesses of the past ofazerbaijanian nation of the epoch of Stone Age and ongoing periods – rockypaintings, camp of man, tombstones and etc. The most significant of them arerocky pictures – petroglyphs, carved by primitive men on walls of caves, rocksand stony lumps. The aforesaid primitive monuments of art reflect culture,economy, world outlook, customs and traditions of ancient azerbaijanianpeoples.
Rocky paintings of Gobustan are related todifferent epochs and being dated from 10-8 thousand years of B. C till MiddleAges. Upon coverage of such a big historical period they occupy high placeamong other rocky collections of the world. Part of drawings were graven inthat term when in Gobustan, presumably, there were tropical climate, thelandscape of it have had a nature of savanna with the richest flora and fauna.Water and food abundance could serve as a promotion to diversification of alivenature. On rocky pictures one might contemplate paintings of animals,habituated here for the term of ultimate 10 thousands years – djeyran (roes),wild goats, deer, savage pigs, horses, lions and etc. As well as there are metdrawings of birds, fishes, snakes, lizards and different types of insects.
Rocky drawings of Gobustan are extremely touchedthe interests of the illustrious scientist and traveler Tur Kheyerdal, whovisited that place several times. Having explored identical pictures of boatsin Gobustan and Norway, heset out hypothesis as to that ancestors of ancient Vikings had arrived inScandinavia on their boats from coasts of Caspian Sea.