Tours & Excursions
Pedestrian excursion along Old City. Complex of Ichary Shakhar is located under custody of the UNESCO. Excursin sites: Fortress walls market square, souvenir shops, Palace of Shirvanshakhs, Maiden Tower, mosques and Caravanserais.
Palatial ensemble of Shirvanshakhs – the biggest memorial of shirvan-apsheron arm of Azerbaijanian architecture.
In XV century owing to enhancing of economical and political significance of Baku, which was one of the strongly fixed fortresses and main seaport at Caspian Sea, Shirvanshakh Khalipullakh replaced the residence of Shirvanshakhs from Shemakha on Baku. The ensemble was not constructed on the one architecture design and consists of some of structures allocated according to the relief on three levels: main building of the Palace (1420 years), Divankhana (1450), shrine-turbe (1435), shakh mosque with minaret (1441), mausoleum of Seid Yakhya Bakuvi (1450) and remains of mosque of Keygubada. To the Palatial buildings there are related portal from the eastern side – Murad gates (1585), ovdan and residuals of bathhouses.
In 1964 the Complex was declared as a Museum – Reservation Park and had been taken under custody from the part of the Government.
Maiden tower is the magnificent and the most mysterious memorial of Baku, being uprising in the ward of southern-east area of the Ichery Shakhar fortress. This is unique structure of azerbaijani architecture and does not have analogy in the East. The Monument, around date of construction and purpose thereof there are going on numerous debates, either in our days, the most of all, it attracts the attention by its unrepeatable shape. There is a version to exist that primarily the tower have been constructed as a temple of fire (word “Gala” – “Tower” has in azerbaijanian language another meaning- “build a fire”), Zoroastrians dakhma (i.e. the tower, where on the top there were on put corpses of men on mauling thereof by kites), observatory. However it does not subjected to doubt as to that in XII century the said grand tower entered into defensive system of Baku and had been main citadel of Baku fortress, one of the most powerful fortress of Shirvanshaks.
The museum of Azerbaijani Carpet
There are gathered all kinds of carpets (tufted carpet, not tufted carpet, silk carpet) and various types of carpet products. The oldest sample belongs to XVII century. Here are presented the collection of ancient Azerbaijani clothes and things of life that belong to previous centuries. Some samples of applied folk art , exhibited here belong to III-II eras B.C.
Carpet factory “Azer-Ilme”The exhibition of unique samples of Azerbaijani carpets made by Azer-Ilme, displayed in the open air is ready to receive its visitors every day. Each visitor of the exhibition will greatly enjoy the touch to the amazing and mysterious world of the Azerbaijani carpet being treated to delicious Azerbaijani sweets and aromatic tea to the accompaniment of charming sounds of the national music.
Museums of petroglyphs of Neolithic Age under the open sky (65 km from Baku city) Gobustan.
Gobustan – rocky area outspreading at the southeast of Big Caucuses ridge, allocated in 60 km from Baku is the territory, on which antique man habituated. “Gobu” in azerbaijanian idiom means beam. Hereby it is emerged name Gobustan – edge of beams and ravines. The sea once came up to foots of those not high mountains, but from time to time it was stepped back being left its specific marks.
In mountains of Gobustan Beyukdash, Kichikdash, Djingirdag and Shighgaya there were concentrated witnesses of the past of azerbaijanian nation of the epoch of Stone Age and ongoing periods – rocky paintings, camp of man, tombstones and etc. The most significant of them are rocky pictures – petroglyphs, carved by primitive men on walls of caves, rocks and stony lumps. The aforesaid primitive monuments of art reflect culture, economy, world outlook, customs and traditions of ancient azerbaijanian peoples.
Rocky paintings of Gobustan are related to different epochs and being dated from 10-8 thousand years of B. C till Middle Ages. Upon coverage of such a big historical period they occupy high place among other rocky collections of the world. Part of drawings were graven in that term when in Gobustan, presumably, there were tropical climate, the landscape of it have had a nature of savanna with the richest flora and fauna. Water and food abundance could serve as a promotion to diversification of alive nature. On rocky pictures one might contemplate paintings of animals, habituated here for the term of ultimate 10 thousands years – djeyran (roes), wild goats, deer, savage pigs, horses, lions and etc. As well as there are met drawings of birds, fishes, snakes, lizards and different types of insects.
Rocky drawings of Gobustan are extremely touched the interests of the illustrious scientist and traveler Tur Kheyerdal, who visited that place several times. Having explored identical pictures of boats in Gobustan and Norway, he set out hypothesis as to that ancestors of ancient Vikings had arrived in Scandinavia on their boats from coasts of Caspian Sea.
Length of the route leading to one end side – 180 km
Duration – 10 hours
The tourists throughout the all itinerary are to be accompanied by guide
In Azerbaijan there were represented 9 climatic zones from 11. During making the voyage you will see semi-deserts, steppes, forests and Alpine meadows. Littoral zone of Baku is allocated on 28 meters lower than the ocean level. Whilst making traveling you are climbing higher and higher. The Lagch village is allocated at the height 800 meters over the sea level. Starting from Shamakha region you moving alongside the Southern-West slopes of Caucasus Mountains.
The Lagich was founded in IV century and it was historical architectural reservation. In the village there is habituated farce speaking nation Lagich. It was allocated at the height of 1211m, on the left Girdimanchay river bank. Still in the times when being laid the village, there were erected sewage and water pipeline, by which they are being still in use up to now. The tubes made of burned clay. The architecture of the village is curious. The houses had been constructed from processed stones. Between rows of bricked masons there were laid on wooden beams, which play role of depreciation under earthquake. Roads in Lagich are paved by rocky plates.
The village is honored by its craftsmen. Herein there are developed such kind popular craft as copper dishes production and carpet weaving. In the village one may buy product made by local craftsmen. In the Lagich it is operating Museum of local lore and history, where it is possible to be acquainted with the ancient housing and with the history of the village.
On the way there are being passed excursions toward Maraza village (“Diri Baba” mausoleum) and in Shemakha city (Djuma mosque).
“Diri Baba” mausoleum. Sheikh Sufi is buried here. The mausoleum was built in 1402 by the order of Shirvan Shakh Ibragim.
The Mausoleum is allocated in ravine, surrounded by caved city.
Djuma mosque. It had been constructed in the beginning of XX century on the place of mosque destroyed in the result of earthquake under the project of polish architecture Ploshko.
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